Monday, May 25, 2020

Empires and the Modern International System - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 570 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/10/10 Did you like this example? According to the article, Empires and the Modern International System, Austrian system, also known as Vienna System was one of the bidding systems which is highly conventional in the contract bridge game. The game was devised by Paul Stern, an Austrian player in 1935.   The Austrian system applied the Robertson count to analyze bridge hands.   The features of the Austria system were not its technique of hand evaluation, though it’s bidding structure.   New world order is the term has been used to make reference to the new period of history indicating a change in the balance of power world political thought. Despite the fact that this term is interpreted differently, it is related to the ideological view of world governance only in the perspective of collective efforts to understand, identify, or address global problems that are beyond the individual nations capacity to find a solution.. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Empires and the Modern International System" essay for you Create order According to the article, growing out of   post- world War II tensions involving the two   nations, the cold war conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States   of America that  Ã‚   occurred during the   second half   of the 20th century  Ã‚   led to increased tensions , mutual suspensions   and  Ã‚   many   international occurrences that  Ã‚   led   the   world’s   superpowers   to   destructions. According to this article, scholars did not come into agreement over the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, which led to an end of the political conflict that arose from the political Reformations. Although the question that is being ignored is why did the introduction of new forms of political heterodoxy during the period of reformations led to violent activities and almost destroyed the old political order? The article attempt to evaluate the value that the concept of empire  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   adds to the international relations study. The second objective is to find the effective way to study contemporaries’ empires, to know the factors to classify as empires.   Whether people considering of empires should focus on the mission, imperial structure, and purpose.   The third aim is to find ways of recognizing patterns of competition and cooperation among empires.   The article also focuses whether the contemporary manifestations of this empire exist in the absence of major conflict.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   THESIS STATEMENT The article attempts to argue that China, United States of America, European Union and Russia walk, look and talk like empires[footnoteRef:4].   Nevertheless, this article has not impressed people working in the field of international relations. For some people, the concept of Westphalian state the remains a major unit of analysis. Other people find it impressive to use the terms like hegemony and great powers.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   EFFECTIVENESS OF THE FACTS AND DATA The article come up with a model of the power system ideal balance by applying the fundamental concept that a  Ã‚   stable balance system indicates that there is no coalition or predominant actor. It is demonstrated that the primary motivation for involvement in a power system is a security in a universe where each country fears that they made up being on the losing side.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   SUGGESTIONS Under certain conditions of accurate information, such a power system would be stable only when the standard equality of power could be maintained, even by proper alignments with  Ã‚   neutral nations when necessary.   Under uncertainty conditions,  Ã‚   the practical aim will be stable deterrence which means trying to acquire power superior against the opponent.   In both the circumstances, a stable balance may be achieved only under certain conditions. The successful operation will be the same to the â€Å"balance holder† case.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Chitosan and its Modified synthetic forms for sulphate removal in Aqueous media - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 1 Words: 301 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/10/10 Did you like this example? Adsorption is one of the process commonly used in the removal of sulfate ions in their aqueous state by using hydrotalcite-like composite as the adsorbent through the process called co-precipitation method. The elements are used to clarify the structure and compounds found in the adsorbent for the removal process to be successful. Hydrotalcite-like composite is used as the adsorbent for the removal of sulfate ions through precipitation method in the aqueous solution. The primary analysis is used to make clear the structure and composition of the hydrotalcite-like composite. The impacts of time, the original PH content, and ions on the adsorption performances has to be examined. The outcome indicated that the material composed of the zinc aluminum nitrate Hydrotalcite –like compounds and zinc aluminum phenylalanine Hydrotalcite –like compounds. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Chitosan and its Modified synthetic forms for sulphate removal in Aqueous media" essay for you Create order The Hydrotalcite-like composite has an excellent ability to remove the sulfate ions with a real capacity which is highly recommended in the process of ion removals. From the analysis, it’s true that the chemical adsorption was the limiting factor in the whole process thus the Freundlich isotherm was the best in explanation of the adsorption process. This shows that the use of hydrotalcite-like the composite to remove sulfate ions was passing through different layers for the process to be more efficient. Thermodynamic measures show that the proceeds generated a lot of heat within and unexpected heat at normal temperature. Hydrotalcite-like composite in the experiment, therefore, removes the sulfate ions through the ion exchange process with the help of the electrostatic force which separates the ions and also by use of physical adsorption. From the procedural results, it’s evident that hydrotalcite-like composite was capable of removing sulfate ions in the aqueous solution. This process is the most suitable for the removal of sulfate ions compared to others as the process is endothermic.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Similarities And Differences Between Ancient Greece And...

This essay will compare the remarkable historic medical practices of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece. I will explore the different factors and unique evidence that contributed to the early medical development of each ancient complex civilization and how they formed the basis for modern medical practice today. These various resources will help to illuminate and explore the rituals, religions, beliefs about life and death, knowledge, illness, cures and medical practices in the everyday life of the people from that time period. One of the biggest reasons why these two civilizations were so different is due to their geography. Many scholars believe that the Egyptians power structure, which was reflected in the erection of their monumental†¦show more content†¦During my research, I investigated the Edwin Smith papyrus (1600 BC), which is an extremely reliable primary source that was translated by Heinrich Joachim. He is a very reliable author as he was a well-known physician, historian, and an experienced Egyptologist. The Edwin Smith papyrus is a famous Egyptian artifact, a primary source, known as the first text to deal with traumatic injuries, perhaps even battlefield wounds. It also deals with dislocation, tumours, and bone fractures. The text provides diagnoses of different injuries and ailments, where the physician, unlike most other Egyptian texts, proceeds with a more scientific approach. The physician seemed to understand the concept of a pulse and diagnosis of specific ailments; different t reatments are prescribed such as bandaging, suturing the wounds, and stopping the bleeding. This indicates that the ancient Egyptian civilisation had great medical knowledge in relation both the anatomical and physical effects of injuries. Additionally, I also dissected another famous Egyptian primary source called the Ebers Papyrus. (1550 BC) Heinrich Joachim also translated this source, so we already can presume that the translation is accurate and reliable. The Ebers Papyrus is a more magical text but has hundreds of remedies, including with how to deal with physiological problems such as depression and dementia. The text clearly states there isShow MoreRelatedCompare and Contrast Essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece812 Words   |  4 Pages806 Compare and Contrast Essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece There are many mysteries to life, ancient civilizations created religion to explain these mysteries. Many ancient civilizations believed in religions that worshiped more than one god or goddess, this is called polytheism. Both the Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Greeks practiced polytheism. For both ancient civilizations religion was an important part of daily life. Ancient Egyptians and Ancient Greeks had similar creation stories andRead MoreThe Pioneers Of Ancient Medicine1492 Words   |  6 PagesAncient Greece advanced more than any other ancient civilization. It advanced drastically in drama, philosophy, historical writing, and art and medicine. The advancements undertaken in the field of medicine by the early greek laid the basis for western medicine in three important ways. These include the first pioneers of western medicine, by establishing medical schools, the treatments created by the early Greeks and the creation of the Hippocratic Oath. The Pioneers of Ancient Greek MedicineRead MoreThe Great Differences Between Ancient Greece And Rome And Modern Life1200 Words   |  5 Pagesthan many of the ancient societies that we have studied? No doubt there are great differences between ancient Greece and Rome and modern life in the US. But the needs of people to live well, create a social structure and advance as a people are all things that we share. Furthermore, the human emotions that drive discoveries and advancements have been consistent throughout time. Let’s take a look at ancient Greece and Rome and see how much we have in common. Let’s start with Greece†¦. †¢ Democracy oRead MoreSimilarities in the Artwork of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece941 Words   |  4 Pages The artworks of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece have similarities that not only reflect objects and images, but also the media, style and representation. These countries were not always wealthy, clever, creative and powerful enough to gain supplies, but they all find a way to create art with what they had. They have all influenced on each other’s cultures and belief through their artistic values and ways, ranging from the materials and tools they use, positionRead MoreComparing The Religions Of Hinduism And Buddhism Essay1459 Words   |  6 PagesExam II #2. Compare and contrast the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. What were the essential differences between the two? What hope did they give to the common people of India ? Both Hinduism and Buddhism are prominent religions in the ancient and modern world. They are arguably two of the most popular polytheistic faiths as well. Most people make the mistake of grouping them as one uniform religion, but this is inaccurate. Buddhism and Hinduism do split some resemblance, but several aspectsRead MoreA Research Study On Animal Research961 Words   |  4 Pagesanimals, one must understand its history. It is a common misconception that animal research is a new scientific and medical practice, but it is actually an ancient procedure. Animal research began in ancient Greece, â€Å"†¦ where Greek physician-scientists, such as Aristotle and Erasistratus, performed experiments on living animals. Likewise, Galen, a Greek physician†¦ conducted animal experiments to advance the understanding of anatomy, physiology, pathology, and pharmacology† (Hajar 42). Debates on the principlesRead MoreThe Impact Of Ancient Greek Theater And Tragedy1703 Words   |  7 PagesMichimasa Kamata HUM 101-007 3/17/16 The Impact of Ancient Greek Theater and Tragedy Ancient Greek culture has influenced our modern culture in many ways from philosophy to medicine to government. We still use many of their concepts, technology, and even alphabet system. Without ancient Greece, our modern world would not have advanced as far. A significant contribution of the ancient Greek culture to the world today is the Greek theater, more specifically the structure of tragedy. Some contributionsRead MoreCompare and Contrast Essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece2939 Words   |  12 PagesCompare and contrast essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in our history. The Egyptian civilization, based in the eastern part of North Africa, is believed to have started around 3150 BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC. The ancient Greek civilization is believed to have been in effect from 1100 BC till about 146 BC. Many similarities and differences existed between these two civilizationsRead MoreRole of Women in Society2172 Words   |  9 Pagesduties. In the ancient times women had their places, and what their roles were supposed to be. It was very important for a woman to know what her role in life is, and how to handle herself. In many countries, the women had very similarities, and a few differences. Women in Greece, Egypt, Rome, and Israel had a lot of the same struggles and hardships. The women of today are still playing roles as mothers, wives, and child bearers. During the Ancient times otherwise known as An cient CivilizationRead MoreThe Gods Of Ancient Greece2108 Words   |  9 PagesThe gods of Ancient Greece played a huge role in the everyday lives of Greek citizens. Ancient Greeks did not view their gods in the same way religions today, such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, view their gods. The Greek gods were more human-like, but much more powerful than the average Greek. Unlike the Christian God who is omnipotent, meaning he is all powerful, omnipresent, meaning He is everywhere at all times, and omniscient, meaning He knows all things, these gods had flaws and restrictions

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

British Journal Of Industrial Relations †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The British Journal Of Industrial Relations? Answer: Introducation When a person offers services or performs a certain type of work under conditions and is in turn compensated, a legal link between him and his employer is created and is called the employment relationship. It is through the business relationship, that complementary rights and commitments are made between the employer and employee(Baudrillard, 1981). It becomes the primary vehicle through which employees access the rights and advantages related to employment in the zones of labor law and social securities. It also determines the nature and degree of employers rights and obligations towards their employees. In most firms, the employment relationship and agreements are often determined by the employer rather than having both parties bargain and agreeing to terms(Baudrillard, 1981). Most employers uses the take it or leave it concept leaving employees with no choice than to abide by these agreements even though they are not good for them. This leads to the hierarchical type of employment relations. However, the government of a country sets rules that govern against employment discrimination, retirement benefit plans and the healthcare and safety of employees which a firm has to comply with if not, may lead to dire consequences(Baudrillard, 1981). On 2nd of October 2000, the Employees Relation Act 2000 was enacted, which was later review and amended on 1st of April 2016. The main objective of this act is to ensure that good employment relationship are built and maintained through the advancement of good faith in all aspects of the work environment and that of the business relationship(Clegg, 1975). It promotes the effective requirement of work norms specifically by giving enforcement power to labor inspectors and the authority. It also promotes recognition in New Zealand of the standard basic international Labor Organization Convention 87 on freedom of association and convention 98 on the Right to organize and bargain collectively. Rights And Responsibilities: Individual Bargaining And Good Faith. All workers, whether full-time, part-time, fixed-term or casual are entitled to a duplicate of their employment agreement in writing, which must state all the terms and conditions which are at any rate comparable to the rights in the law. These ters should ensure the employee's safety at work and protection against work bullying or harassment(Blyton, 1994). It also ensures that the employee works in good faith. It is the employees responsibility to abide by all rules and regulations set by the employer. The employee also has to act reasonably and relate with each other in good faith. For example, once the employee has agreed to work for the firm, they should dedicate their effort and time, and use their skills in ensuring that work assigned to them is done effectively. The employee is also entitled to compensation and remuneration for the work done and services offered. The employee also has right to refuse to perform certain work(Fox, 1974). For example, an employee is asked to come into work on his free or leave days or asked to work extra hours, he is entitled to refuse to work should it be an inconvenience to him. The staff member at Steel Engineering may also refuse to work if the services he is required to offer can cause him harm health wise. This is according to section 67E of the Employment Relations Amendment Act 2016 (no.9)(Baudrillard, 1981). The employer is required to not treat the worker adversely, e.g. by, forcing the employee to retire or resign or unlawfully dismissing the employee. An employer who fails to follow this rule may be subjected to consequences by the law. Employers responsibilities on non-union employees An employee has a freedom of becoming a member of a union or not. If a member, the employer is required to release the employee to attend at least 1 union meeting. An employer is required to inform the workman of all the collective agreements and work he will cover(Dunlop, 1958). The employer is also required to inform the employee that he can join a party to the collective agreement or how to contact a union. And should the employee join one, he is to be informed he is bound to the employer by the collective agreement. The employer should also present the employee with the collective agreement and that all work should not go against subsection (2) of the employment relationship in accordance with the collective agreement. The general manager at Steel should inform and explain to James Smith about all this. He should also discuss with James what is required of him according to the Individual Employment Agreement. Section 62(1) states that an employer is required to comply, failure to which, may draw penalties by the authorities. James should also enquire about unions and ensure that he understands the agreements before signing them. Good faith Employer and employees should have an open and honest relationship. They should maintain a good and productive relationship and ensure communication and interactions between them are constructive(J, 1978). This is called good faith. Not only does it ensure good relations between employer and employee, but also between a union and its members. Section 4(1) states that parties must deal with each other in good faith. Confidentiality must be maintained between these parties and no party should mislead or be deceitful to the other. For example, employees at Steel are required to maintain order in the workplace and should there be a problem, they should approach the manager in a mature way and solve those issues instead of participating in strikes. The employers at Steel should also be mindful of their employees while making decisions that may affect them, for example, liquidation of the firm. Employers good faith Section 60 states that employees should be given adequate information on terms and conditions to be met while working at a firm. They should not be pressured into signing an agreement before having understood the agreements well. Good faith behavior is required. Under section 68, a party should not be subjected to unfair bargaining(Baudrillard, 1981). The employee is also entitled to challenge the bargain on grounds that it is unfair. Section 69 also states that an employee has the freedom to request a variation in his working arrangements. Hemi Wingate has a right to challenge the bargain offered to him by the general manager. By giving him an ultimatum, the manager has not acted in good faith, given that he pressured Hemi to sign the agreement. Hemi has a right to petition and challenge this in court through the labor inspector, and should the manager be found guilty of not adhering to good faith, he may suffer dire consequences(Baudrillard, 1981). Hemi also has a choice of resigni ng his job should he feel that he is not rightfully catered for. Types of employment agreements There are two main types of employment agreements(Fox, 1974). I.e., the individual employment agreement and the collective employment agreement. In individual employment agreement, negotiations between the employer and employee take place and they discuss the terms and conditions of the employment. These agreements should be in writing and before the employee signs the agreement, he should review it thoroughly and if there are changes he would want, notify the employer as soon as possible and try to negotiate it. Both parties should sign the agreement and each should have a copy of the agreement. This agreement is between the employer and employee even if it matches with a collective agreement of a union party. The collective employment agreement, on the other hand, is negotiable by unions that are registered and employers. Employees covered by these unions by collective coverage clauses must be on collective agreement with the union(Blyton, 1994). These unions aim at maintaining ace of a good productive relationship between the parties and negotiate with the employer on behalf of the employee. Employees may also be employed a casual, part-time or full-time worker, or under fixed term depending on work they perform or services offered. Steel Eng. Ltd. Aims at employing new employees. The general manager should decide what type of services he requires to ensure that they hire the best candidate. The following are some of the candidates and type of employment agreement that most appropriate for them; John Samson Collective Employment Agreement Range Walker Part-Time Employment Brendan Talbot Full Time Melanie Wheeler Fixed Term Conrad Abraham - Casual Types of contract Under section 4(1), it was not right for the general manager to change Lesters IEA to casual laborers without consulting with him. This is against good faith of employment relationship(Beardwell, 1994). Should the manager wish to change Lesters employment agreement, he should have consulted him and negotiate the bargain with him till they come to an agreement. Lester, in this case, is entitled to challenge his changeover to casual, however, he may not deem it necessary since his pay is still the same as in IEA. The general manager should know that Lester is not a casual laborer since he works 45 hours in a week and offers his services regularly. Contract employment agreement According to section 66, an employer and employee may agree to end employment at a specific date(Baudrillard, 1981). By hiring two more workers to assist in the completion of a contract, Steel Ltd. Has entered in a fixed-term employment. The completion of services to be offered also means the end of this contract between Steel Ltd and the two employees. Once the task is through and the worker still works for Steel Ltd, this will not be covered under Fixed Term Employment and they are required to enter into another contract in order to work for Steel legally. Probation clause and 90 day trial For an employee to be placed on probation, this must be captured in writing during employment. Section67(1) states that the employee should not be dismissed unlawfully and that they are dismissed at the end of probation period. The manager should not have dismissed Maddie before her probation period was over even though Maddies performance does not meet the expectations. However, section 67A states that an employer may dismiss an employee under the trial period for 90 days if the not satisfied with employees work, may dismiss them at any time during the trial period. This should be in writing(Abbott, 2006). 90 days trial The employment relation amendment act 2008, section 6 and 7 provide that an employee can specify a 90 day or less period within which the employer has rights to dismiss the employee due to lack of work satisfaction. Due to dismissal, the employee cannot challenge this decision and present his grievances to the employer unless specific exceptions like breastfeeding that comply to a superannuation fund. Should the manager decide to terminate Shirley Anderson, no legal action can be taken against him. This trial period should also be in written form, as an employee agreement, Section 67A Employment contract agreement EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT This employment contract dated 2 October 2017 Between Steel engineering limited (employer) And Justin Thyme (employee) Job title: design engineering Minimum work hours: 45 hours a week Background The employer believes that the employee has required skills and experience to benefit the business. The employee will commence permanent full-time employment with the employer on 2nd cot 2017. The employee agrees to dedicate his time and skills to the firm and perform his duties truthfully The employee shall receive an annual salary of 92000$ payable in monthly installments and is entitled to annual leave on top of the holidays as stated by the holiday act. He is also entitled to a car and a cellphone which he shall use for business purposes. He is entitled to the access of design information, which is sensitive information and must be handled with care. Expose of this information will lead to severe consequences. His duties are; inquire about (utilizing scientific demonstrating to work through new improvements and developments) configuration (transforming research thoughts into specialized plans for models utilizing PC helped outline (CAD) and PC helped designing (CAE) programming) testing (gathering and investigating information from model testing) adjusting outlines (in front of make or establishment) Under age employment agreement The employer should always have a record of all employees details, including payment. Details like employees name, age and employment date should be included(Abbott, 2006). The number of hours an employee works should determine the amount that they are pays. Section 130(1) requires every employer to comply and be open about employees payment. Good faith has been breached when the manager decided to pay Jayne little money for being a minor. The wages Act has also been breached. Starting Wage 12.60*45=567 Adult minimum wage 15.25*45=686.25 686.25-567=119.25 Banning of zero-hour contract Zero-hour contract is where an employer and employee enter into a contract that states that the employer is not obliged to have minimum working hours and the employee can refuse work offered. New Zealand parliament passed the bill that prohibits employers and employees from participating in zero hour contracts. The bill states that every employee should have a minimum working hour each week and workers can refuse extra hours(Baudrillard, 1981). New Zealands Wages act stipulates that the minimum wages for an adult should be 15.75$ per hour. If Enus wife picked 350 bins for over four weeks that means she picks 350/4=87.5 in one week. Her pay for one week was 87.5*5=437.5. The law states that at least in a week and adult should earn 5*126=630 This means she is earning less than the law states. Should a worker wok on holiday, the employer is required to pay them that days pay. The employee should be paid on a daily basis every day that he works during the holidays, Holidays Act 2003. Enus daily relevant pay is 192$ per day. If he decided to come during the holiday, he will be compensated 25$*8hr = 200$ This amount is more than what he earns on a daily basis. SEL should encourage Enu to work on holidays since it will benefit him. If Enu works on holiday without agreeing, he is entitled to an alternative holiday and SEL is obligated to pay him for working on that day. Enu also can exchange his alternative holiday with payment instead of going on a holiday. Employees duties and responsibilities Employees are granted a sick leave of 5 days which are paid sick leaves a year after working in a firm for at least 6 months. Sick leave accumulation can only add to a maximum of 20 days and an employer and employee must discuss this prior this period. Once Susie uses up her 5-day sick leave, with no evidence of sickness, the manager can dismiss her. James being a full-time worker should earn at least ((40*24) *4) *12=46080$ per annum. By receiving 52000$ per annum, that means his leave Bonus was also included while calculating his annual pay. Getting an extra 1920$ indicates he earns more than he rightfully should. Employees and workers should know their rights and responsibilities(Baudrillard, 1981). These terms and conditions should be applied in every workforce to ensure that jobs are done effectively and efficiently without the harassing of one party. Employers should treat employees as important because without them no jobs can be done. Once a collective agreement is due to roll over, unions and employers should decide on what actions to be undertaken. If they do not come to an agreement, various methods like meditation are utilized to ensure no conflicts arise. Both parties must agree to mediation services as provided in Section 144. They should be presented to authority to determine how both parties will share costs. Collective bargains also bind these two parties together. Conclusion Employees in new Zealand are covered by the Employees Relation Law (ERA). ERA covers everyone that offers services and is compensated as a result. However, independent contractors are not covered by ERA(Dessler, (1997)). The duties of an employee include; ensuring a safe work place, paying of workers, taking responsibilities of employees workers and not discriminating them while employees are required to obey the employers instructions, work effectively and efficiently(Clegg, 1975). This ensures that both employer and employee achieve goals set for the firm. References Abbott, K. (2006). A Review of Employment Relations Theories and their Application. Problems and Perspectives in Management (open, 4 (1). Baudrillard, J. (1981). For a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign, Telos Press, St. Louis. Mo. Beardwell, I. . (1994). Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Perspective. London: Pitman. Blyton, P. . (1994). HRM: Debates, Dilemmas and Contradictions, in P. Blyton P. Turnbull (eds), Reassessing Human Resource Management. London: Sage. Boston, J. ((1996).). Public management: the New Zealand model. USA.: Oxford University Press,. Boud, D. . ((1999)). Understanding learning at work. Taylor Francis US. Bray, M. . (1998). Different Paths to Neo?Liberalism? Comparing Australia and New Zealand. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 358-387. Clegg, H. (1975). Pluralism and Industrial Relations. British Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 13(no. 3), pp. 309-16. Dessler, G. ((1997)). Human Resource Management. Dunlop, J. (1958). Industrial Relations Systems. New York: Rhinehart Winston, . Fox, A. (1974). Beyond Contract: Work, Power and Trust Relationships, Faber and Faber. London. Gilbert, J. . (2000). Managing human resources in New Zealand small businesses. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 55-68. Guthrie, J. P. ((2001)). High-involvement work practices, turnover, and productivity: Evidence from New Zealand. Academy of management Journal, , 44(1), 180-190. J, D. (1978). Writing and Difference. London. : Routledge and Kegan Paul, . Larner, W. (1998). Hitching a ride on the tiger's back: globalisation and spatial imaginaries in New Zealand. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 599-614. Macky, K. A. (2004). Organisational downsizing and redundancies: The New Zealand workers' experience. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 63. Mansell, A. B. (2006). Stable predictors of job satisfaction, psychological strain, and employee retention: An evaluation of organizational change within the New Zealand Customs Service. International Journal of Stress Management, 84. Parry, K. .-T. (2002). Leadership, culture and performance: The case of the New Zealand public sector. Journal of change management, 376-399. Rasmussen, E. . (2005). From collectivism to individualism in New Zealand employment relations. Reworking, 479. Rasmussen, E. L. (2004). Divergence in Part?Time work in new zealand, the netherlands and denmark. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 637-658. Rudman, R. ((2006)). New Zealand Employment Law Guide. Walton, S. . (2004). Redefining the boundaries? Making sense of career in contemporary New Zealand. Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 75-95.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

The Haradh Gas Plant

This is a project that has been erected in one of the most isolated places in the universe. The plant is placed on the edge of the Rub al-Khali desert. The project was erected within six months before the allocated time. The project was completed with a 27 percent under budget. To achieve the project, well known project management processes and methodologies were applied (Haynes, 2004).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Haradh Gas Plant specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Several factors were used to measure the performance of the project. These factors included cost, and schedule. Also, quality and safety were used to measure the performance of the project (Haynes, 2004). The gas plant has been designed in such away to expand the processing capacity of the plant in the region. This is to enable it to meet the increasing demand for the natural gas. The gas plant has an intake capacity of 1.6 billion standard cubic feet every day. Also, the sales rate ranges from 1.5 cubic feet every day. These figures are high above the prevailing plants in the region. Compared with other projects the Haradh is a new generation plant. It receives a sweeter and non-associated gas mixture. This gas mixture has the capability to produce large amounts of hydrocarbon condensate. This is with comparison with other plants that process only gas streams that are sour (Haynes, 2004). The design of the Haradh gas plant is different from those in existence. In one way, the difference arises in the use of methydiethanolamine. This is used during the treatment of the gas. Also, the other difference occurs due to the incorporation of the high integrity protection systems. The systems are used are used in the flare system of the plant. Finally there is the use of hydrocarbons thermal oxidizers. The thermal oxidizers are used to destroy the pollutants from the effluent gas. The designs were taken into consideration so as to cater for the environmental health. Also, the designs were geared towards reducing the energy consumption. In addition the design aimed at reducing the capital cost.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The integration of the new technology could interfere with the working program of the project. To avoid this from taking place the project team froze the design after a period of three months. The freezing process resulted to no loss or damage. Costs were controlled during this process. This was through changing the order rate. The management was able to point out and prevent problems in advance. Also the managers concentrated on creating required work-around. In addition the managers were able to concentrate on the contingency plans (Haynes, 2004). The procuring company uses a contracting philosophy of a lump-sum turnkey. This ensures that those given the contracts can work with the novated equipments. They had a strategy of using one set of contractor in this project. This was to ensure that only one control system for the plant was installed. Novation has the advantage of eliminating long lead times (Haynes, 2004). The contractor took a risk and reduced the procurement time. Besides this novation has enabled associated engineering activities to take off with immediate effect. This is for the foundations and the calculation of the power loads. Also the utility loads have been taken care of. According to the estimates made by the contractor the project managed to save approximately four to six weeks at the time completion (Haynes, 2004). A quality index was initiated to measure the compliance of a contractor. This is with specific quality deliverables. The deliverables include documentation and the manning levels. Also they include the qualifications. This is according to the quality control supervisor.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Haradh Gas Plant specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Senior engineers often chaired quality control meetings. The meetings were for their respective project divisions. The inspection teams and the quality control managers were supposed to avail themselves in these meetings. Quality performance was addressed during these gatherings by the quality control managers. The managers were also able to address the outstanding quality problems. The gas plant project’s performance was always above the target. The target figure was 90% where the project was able to attain a final figure of 98% (Haynes, 2004). The haradh gas project emerged with the best safety performance. This was due to its zero-accident and safety charter philosophy. Also the environmental and health philosophy had a part to play. No matter the working environment nor the conditions, affected the performance of the Saudi Armco’s performance. A culture that valu ed safety had been developed within the working premises. This is despite the fact that a well equipped clinic had been constructed at the site. Qualified safety personnel had been employed to interact with the laborers. Full-time safety professionals with a lot of experience were also deployed in the site (Haynes, 2004). For the sake of communication, Saudi Aramco used intranet. This was to enable them in maintaining the databases tracking project systems. Also, this was also to enhance maintaining the mechanical completions. In addition, this helped to maintain the facility turnovers. To keep control of the completions, there required proper management of the systems through the intra-based databases (Haynes, 2004). For the sake of the future, on completion of each project phase workshops were conducted. In the workshop, a total of 300 lessons were learned. Also, the aspect of mentorship was practiced where the less experienced engineers partnered with the senior engineers. This w as to enable them in developing a presentation on a different aspect of the plant (Haynes, 2004). Reference List Haynes, M. (2004). The Haradh gas plant builds on Saudi Aramaco’s past successes by utilizing the company’s core project management practices. London: Sage.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This essay on The Haradh Gas Plant was written and submitted by user L0rdTyger to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

buy custom Fascinating Argumentative Essay Sample on Types of English Speakers

buy custom Fascinating Argumentative Essay Sample on Types of English Speakers Argumentative Essay Sample on Types of English Speakers Abstract The linguistic classification of English speakers from the Outer Circle nations, such as Singapore, Malaysia and India, is usually vague, since the types of English they speak are considered by many individuals as different from inter-languages; however, they are not considered as English native varieties. This research paper will make an argument about sending the UAE students to study in the Outer Circle countries. It will concentrate on why high school graduates from the UAE should or should not be offered scholarships in the Outer Circle countries. This is because the type of English that is being taught in the Outer Circle countries is not the same to what the students are being taught in the UAE schools. Besides, there should be the establishment of a policy, which will regulate the criteria of sending students to the Outer Circle countries. This paper will consist of the following sections: introduction, background, the UAE community attitude, analysis of the findings of the i nterview and conclusions.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Marketing Strategy Proposal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Marketing Strategy Proposal - Essay Example Mostly strength and weaknesses involves the evaluation of factors related to internal business capabilities, Opportunities and threats keenly deal with the external factors that somehow affect the business. Companies always design a strength assessment to measure their competencies.Here, a business thoroughly evaluate its marketing and promotion objectives for it strength based on its internal capabilities (Lussier, 2012). To optimize the development occurring in the beverage market, Starbuck has failed to perfectly match its strength to the existing opportunities. With its reputation of producing high quality products, which attract potential customers daily, the company has to effectively assign resources to exploit this business. Starbucks need to develop efficient strategies that inform its potential client of its reputation for quality and its close proximity.Secondly, Starbucks should ensure it gives its best sales representative the responsibility to sign up new businesses it has created with its new customers. The company should intensively research on its new prospective customer’s preference (Levy & Weitz, 2007). This will help it appear as if there is a natural match with the new customers thus increasing their loyalty to the company’s product. ... In a SWOT analysis, companies always assesses their internal weaknesses to identify what they are not able to do based on their existing abilities.Starbuck, in many countries has been facing market penetration challenges. This has solely been blamed on weaknesses of its sales approach. The company need to address this identified weakness by fixing or completely eliminating it. Though it can’t completely eliminate its sales approach, the company can opt to train its sales personnel and allocate them some extra tools (Kotler & Lee, 2005). Secondly, to overcome this marketing problem, Starbucks need to invest in customer relationship management softwares, and then ensure it avails them to its sales personnel. This will encourage the sales people to use the vital available customer information for their sales call. The company should also consider offering training to its sales personnel on the use of CRM applications as this will help them strengthen their sales approach. Many of coffee lovers customers are with time becoming more environmental conscious with their purchasing habits (Ottman, 2011). This is a great opportunity for Starbucks to come up with a comprehensive promotional plan to markets the green initiatives of this company. With such a marketing initiatives Starbucks will perfectly find a favorable placement in the market. Starbucks faces a great market threat from its competitors. To address this threat from SWOT analysis, the company can opt to strengthen itself to meet these prevailing threats (Kotler & Lee, 2005). With its much resource focused to controlling its home market, Starbucks will be stretched to meet the low cost competition from its oversea markets. So, to